How should we offer Eid ul fitr Prayer?
Step by Step Method of Praying Eid ul Fitr:
Prophet of Allah صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم while offering the Eid Prayer said seven Takbiraat before recitation قراؑت in the first Rakat and five Takbiraat before recitation in the second Rakat.
After seven Takbiraat in the first Rakat, recite Surah Al-Fatiha, followed by recitation of Surah Al-Qamar (اقترابت الساعة و انشق القمر) in the first Rakat and Surah Qaf (ق) in the second Rakat. Or, Surah Al- A’la ( سبح اسم ربک اعلیٰ) in the first Rakat followed by Surah Al-Ghashiya (ھل اتاک حدیث الغاشیة)
Recitation of these surahs is Sunnah, but you can recite any surah.
Prophet of Allah صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم used to recite ( سبح اسم ربک اعلیٰ) and (ھل اتاک حدیث الغاشیة) in the Jumuah and Eid Prayers. Sometimes both would be on the same day, even then he used to recite both these surahs (both times).
Omer bin Khattab asked Abu Waqid al-Laithi what the Messenger of Allah صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم used to recite on Eid-ul-Adha and Eid-ul-Fitr. He said: He used to recite in them: (Surah Qaf ) ق والقرآن المجید, (Surah Al-Qamar )اقترابت الساعة و انشق القمر
After completing the recitation قراؑت , go into the Ruku after saying اللہ اکبر, and then complete both sajood.
After sajood, when you stand up to start the second Rakat, you would say five Takbiraat (Saying اللہ اکبر five times). Afterwards, Al-Fatiha and then any other surah would be recited, and then the rest of the prayer would be offered as usual. In this way, the Eid Prayer would come to an end.
Usually, next comes the Eid Khutbah. It should be noted that Friday Khutbah is different from Eid Khutbah. Friday Khutbah is amongst the obligatory (essentials) while the Eid Khutbah is Mustahib (good to have).
Abdullah bin As-Sa'ib narrated that: The Prophet of Allah صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم offered the Eid prayer and said: Whoever would like to leave, let him leave, and whoever would like to stay for the Khutbah, let him stay.
Woman/ Young Child as Imam:
In the houses where no men are around at the time of Eid, a woman would lead the Eid Prayer as usual, but she would not stand in the front as the male Imam does; Instead, she would stand in the middle of the first Saf. A woman would lead the Eid Prayer, but the Eid Prayer MUST be offered, even in the absence of any men.
Another scenario is that the house does have male members, but they have not reached adulthood. However, the child does know how to perform wudu, can offer salah and has memorised some part of Quran, then this child would lead the Eid Prayer and women would follow him.
In the times of Prophet of Allah صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم , a six year old child used to lead the entire village in Prayer. This is evidence that a male child that has yet to reach adulthood can lead Prayer.
The Eid Prayer that would be offered in homes would not include Eid Khutbah.